Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

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Huntinger
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Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by Huntinger »

Source
Customs Border Guard Generalgouvernement
The Polish campaign began with the attack on Poland on September 1st, 1939 and ended on October 6th, 1939 with the surrender of the last field troops.
The Reich Ministry of Finance seems to have been involved in the war planning at an early stage. The customs border guard followed the fighting troops every few days, and the locations of command posts and subordinate agencies appear to have been determined at the start of the war. The 14th Army in the southern section of the German-Polish border was assigned a liaison officer at the end of August, whose men were to set up offices in Galicia.

The establishment of the customs border guards essentially takes place in two phases:

1939-1941: Liaison officers in Litzmannstadt (Lodsch) and Cracow manage their respective areas independently of one another. They were subordinate to the regional finance praesidia of Lower Silesia and Troppau , as well as the local military commanders.
1941-1944: The entire customs border guard in the Generalgouvernement is subordinate to a command post in Krakow, which in turn is subordinate to the Reich Ministry of Finance, the Reich Minister Fritz Reinhardt.
At the beginning of November 1941, various areas were incorporated into the German Reich, and the Generalgouvernement, consisting essentially of central Poland, was formed.

The borders of the Generalgouvernement (German Reich, Hungary, Slovakia, Soviet Union) were quickly occupied by the customs border guards, although it took some time until the offices were finally determined. The first office in the Generalgouvernement was the command post in Neumarkt (Nowy Targ), established in September 1939. The civil administration was subordinate to the governor general, for whom the ZGS (in addition to its duties for the Reich Ministry of Finance) took over the finance and customs administration on behalf of In the course of November 1941, the customs border guard had reached full operational readiness with around 6,000 men.
At the end of 1941, the customs border guards in Eastern Galicia were established subordinated to the command post in Krakow. From 1943, the customs border guard was increasingly drawn into combat operations with partisans and suffered losses. Smuggling was an important field of activity, with numerous people being shot while trying to escape. The command post issued identification tags for the subordinate agencies from July 1942 .

Head of Customs Border Guard Generalgouvernement
The command posts were initially managed decentrally with a liaison officer in Cracow and two liaison officers in Litzmannstadt (Lodsch) who were assigned to the respective military commanders. With the centralization of the military command structures, the management of the customs border guard was merged and the command post was created in August 1941.



After the occupation of Bialystok, the command posts Ostrow and Sokolow were on an internal border and were converted into main customs offices. The monitoring of this border was carried out from November 1942 by the HZA Siemiatycze in Bialystok . The BZKom were mostly dissolved and relocated to bialystoker area.
Malkinia is the end point of transports (not Treblinka) and was identified as having a konzentrationslager by US Intelligence
Image
Treblinka is in the Ostrów Mazowiecka country
Command post Ostrow-Mazowiecki
1939 - November 1942
750 men
  • District Customs Commissioner Czerwin
  • Grodzisk District Customs Office
  • District Customs Commissioner Komorowo (handed over to HZA Siemiatycze in Bialystok / Head of BZKom Walter Barnitzky)
  • District Customs Commissioner Malkinia (at HZA Siemiatycze in Bialystok submitted
  • District Customs Commissioner Ostrow
Sobibor is in the Wlodawa country.
1939-1942 Customs had:
Command Post Wlodawa
600 men
  • District Customs Commissioner Rozanka (Head of ZI Fritz Uhlig)
  • District Customs Commissioner Wlodawa ( handed over to BefSt Cholm upon dissolution )
  • District Customs Commissioner Zbereze ( handed over to BefSt Cholm / Head of BZKom Dierbach)
It is clear that Zollgrenzschutz had considerable interest in the Sobibor district. It is 10km from Wlodawa town to Sobibor camp.

Bełżec is a village in Tomaszów Lubelski County:
This was part of Command post Tomaszow-Ost
1939-1944
600 men
  • District Customs Office Belz
  • Belzec District Customs Office
  • Krystynopol District Customs Office
  • District Customs Commissioner Sokal
It does not seem a mere coincidence that the camps chosen as extermination camps, aka AR camps are also the location of significant customs activity; there is a photo of a Zollgrenzschutz officer at Sobibor which is to be expected especially if this border camp was to do with eviction of people.
Conclusions
  • AR camps are in close proximity to the officers implementing the Reinhardt Program.
  • Treblinka close to Malkinia Zoll, 750 men
  • Sobibor close to Wlodowa Zoll 600 men
  • Belzec close to Belzec Zoll 600 men
It is clear from this that Aktion Reinhardt is the physical implementation of the Reinhardt program put in place by the Secretary of Economics Fritz Reinhardt; this has much to do with the sequestering of wealth by departing people as is the roll of all customs worldwide.

There is evidence of people being evicted en masse as from Ciechanow by the District Customs Commissioner Cieszanow, Command post Tomaszow-West.

The Korherr report also coincides with the existence of these command posts. For instance Command post Ostrow-Mazowiecki existed 1939 - November 1942; Korherr being between October 1939 and December 31, 1942. There is a close connection between the liquidation of some Zollgrenzshutz command posts and the Korherr report which is indicative of bureaucratic debriefing of an operation; a job is done lets look at the sums.

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by PrudentRegret »

Huntinger wrote:
Mon Sep 28, 2020 2:45 am

It is clear from this that Aktion Reinhardt is the physical implementation of the Reinhardt program put in place by the Secretary of Economics Fritz Reinhardt; this has much to do with the sequestering of wealth by departing people as is the roll of all customs worldwide.
This is corroborated in the Franke-Gricksch report, not to be confused with the fraudulent “Resettlement Action Report":
From Trawniki we travelled back to Lublin to inspect the "special enterprise REINHARD". This branch has had the task of realising all mobile Jewish property in the Gouvernement Poland. It is astonishing what immense fortunes the Jews have collected in their ghetto and even ragged and vermin infested dirty little Jews who look like beggars, carry with them, when you strip their clothes off them, foreign currency, pieces of gold, diamonds and other valuables. We wandered through the cellars of this “special enterprise” and we were reminded of the fairy tales of the "Arabian Nights".
Franke-Gricksch directly affirms that the task of Einsatz Reinhardt was the sequestration of Jewish property. This description closely matches the definition of Aktion Reinhardt that appears in the memoirs of Rudolf Hoess:
‘Aktion Reinhardt’ was the code name given to the collection, sorting and utilisation of all articles which were acquired as the result of the transports of Jews and their extermination.
Of course the extermination lie is mentioned here. It’s notable that Hoess does not identify “Aktion Reinhardt” as the code name of the extermination, but the codename of an economic initiative for the utilization of Jewish property.

The Franke-Gricksch report implies that much of the goods acquired through the course of AR were confiscated from the ghettos. Not all the valuables confiscated in AR came from deportees at transit camps. Witnesses in the WVHA trial explain that vast underground warehouses of valuables was confiscated from ghettos. It is not clear at all what portion of clothes, jewels, and other valuables was confiscated directly from the ghettos and what portion was confiscated from deportees at transit camps. All of these goods were accounted for by bureaucratic procedure that was code-named Aktion Reinhardt after Fritz Reinhardt, as I demonstrated here.

This understanding of Aktion Reinhardt is more compatible with known evidence as well as the ZGS deployment in GG you have discussed here.

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by Huntinger »

PrudentRegret wrote:
Mon Sep 28, 2020 4:33 am
This understanding of Aktion Reinhardt is more compatible with known evidence as well as the ZGS deployment in GG you have discussed here.
Thank you for your informative post PR :)

The invasion of Poland began on 1 Sept, 1939, with the Russians invading from the East on the 17th of the same month. The Russians went further east to the Vistula and then retreated back east of the bug a week later in accordance with the prior ongoing negotiations resulting in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed 23 August, 1941. The non aggression pact went reasonably well it would seem until the invasion of Russian territory by the Reich, 22 June 1941. The period of peace was for 1 year and 9 months.
Korherr mentions in his report to Himmler:
  • Deported to the Russian east:1,449,692 Jews
  • Processed at the camps of General Government:1,274,166 Jews
  • Processed in Warthegau:145,301 Jews
There is no time frame for these deportations; from the Reich perspective all juden were Bolsheviks aligned with the Soviet cause; with this in mind it was probably considered it was best if most of these were evicted into Soviet Poland.
There is a report that 80 000 juden from the city of Ciechanow were evicted into Russia, meaning Soviet Poland.
There are reports of Soldaten evicting juden across the San river
The Judaica reported:
With the outbreak of the war in September, the Poles began to loot stores and
attack the Jews. […] the Jews were deported by the Germans [September 1939]
to the area under Soviet control on the other side of the San River. […] Those
who were deported to the Soviet Zone lived there in very difficult economic
conditions. In the summer of 1940 many of them were deported to the Soviet
interior.


These people were displaced people and refugees; the assumption was that they fled the Reich. While some did flee the Reich it appears that the majority were simply evicted.

To evict people and not take their wealth as departure taxes would be very un-German like ;). These people evicted would be subject to special treatment (Sonderbehandlung), which would mean the sequestering of wealth; the people to do this were the Customs Borders guards. (Zollgrenzschutz). As mentioned above, the ZGs were part of the economics administration headed by Fritz Reinhardt who developed the Reinhardt program.

To administer this program, there would have to be controlled Customs exit point, some of which were shown above; these are:
  • Malkinia Zoll, 750 men
  • Wlodowa Zoll 600 men
  • Belzec Zoll 600 men
Strangely enough these three exist points coincide exactly where the alleged extermination camps of Treblinka, Sobibor and Belzec were.
Image
Treblinka Railway Bridge
It became clear that after a short time the Soviets were not happy with the number of people being evicted into their territory, as well as a general preparation to attack the Reich along the border. The extent of the Soviet military preparations was such that General Halder, the German Chief of the General Staff, feared that – according to his
diary entries of April 6 and 7 – the Soviet attack could be expected at anytime. Throughout the month of March the Soviet troop movements near the border were so intense and the supply transports from Moscow toward Smolensk and Minsk assumed such proportions that Halder feared a Soviet attack on Germany could be imminent. This culminated in the pre emptive strike by the Reich against the Soviets now known as operation Barbarossa beginning 22 June, 1941, ending 4 Dec 1941.

After Barbarossa the Customs border facilities were no longer applicable. What is known is that just prior to Barbarossa the Soviets deported Millions of Poles, estimated 1.8 million Juden into the Soviet interior; these were obviously people not considered to be worthy of being in the Red Army; about half died in horrendous conditions; it is likely that many of these people were those evicted by the Reich during the period of non aggression.

Sanning estimates that the remain number of juden left in the GG was about 750 000; these were mainly people who could work. Those who could not were sent to Auschwitz or other camps to convalesce.

It appears that Korherr got some of his statistical information from SS Sturmbannführer Hermann Höfle on 11 January 1943 on the jüdische situation. As everyone knows this was a Bletchley Park intercept.
Image
It is likely that most of these figures are those evicted into Soviet territory; why they used these letters is unknown, but these places all coincide exactly with ZG outposts. These give recorded arrivals until 31 December 42 since the invasion not since the building of the camps which was assumed.
The telegram gave train arrivals in the prior fortnight, as well as cumulative arrivals until 31 December 1942.
Recorded arrivals until 31 December 42, L 12761, B 0, S 515, T 10335 totaling
These camps were still on the borders of the GG with the exception of Belzec (which is why there are no arrivals; Belzec was still operational until until June, 43); the boundaries of the GG expanded and Belzec was no longer on the border and no longer used as a ZG outpost (hence no arrivals). it appears that people were still evicted from the GG after Barbarossa and had to pay departure tax. The L is not Lublin but most likely the Zoll outpost Lazow or Lupkow close to the border with Slovakia.

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by been-there »

Huntinger wrote:
Thu Oct 01, 2020 12:01 am

The invasion of Poland began on 1 Sept, 1939, with the Russians invading from the East on the 17th of the same month.
The Russians went further east to the Vistula and then retreated back east of the bug a week later in accordance with the prior ongoing negotiations resulting in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed 23 August, 1941.
The non aggression pact went reasonably well it would seem until the invasion of Russian territory by the Reich, 22 June 1941. The period of peace was for 1 year and 9 months.
Most histories record the pact being signed by von Ribbentrop and Molotov in Moscow on 23 August 1939. ;)

.

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by been-there »

Huntinger wrote:
Thu Oct 01, 2020 12:01 am

To administer this program, there would have to be controlled Customs exit points...; these are:
  • Malkinia Zoll, 750 men
  • Wlodowa Zoll 600 men
  • Belzec Zoll 600 men
Strangely enough these three exist points coincide exactly where the alleged extermination camps of Treblinka, Sobibor and Belzec were.
Image
Treblinka [Malkinia Dolna] Railway Bridge
That bridge I think is more accurately described as being the bridge over the Bug river at Małkinia Dolna.

Image
Malkinia Dolna Railway Bridge

There never has been any bridge at Treblinka.
Not at T2 nor at Treblinka village.
I.e. As I understand it, it is not only NOT a photo of any bridge that was at Treblinka but it is not even the bridge at Małkinia Górna.

Image

The bridge at Małkinia Górna looks like this:
Image
Image
ImageImage

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by been-there »

Huntinger wrote:
Thu Oct 01, 2020 12:01 am
PrudentRegret wrote:
Mon Sep 28, 2020 4:33 am
This understanding of Aktion Reinhardt is more compatible with known evidence as well as the ZGS deployment in GG you have discussed here.
Thank you for your informative post PR :)

...from the Reich perspective all juden were Bolsheviks aligned with the Soviet cause; with this in mind it was probably considered it was best if most of these were evicted into Soviet Poland.
There is a report that 80 000 juden from the city of Ciechanow were evicted into Russia, meaning Soviet Poland.
There are reports of Soldaten evicting juden across the San river
The Judaica reported:
Judaica wrote:[…]the Jews were deported by the Germans [September 1939] to the area under Soviet control on the other side of the San River. […] Those who were deported to the Soviet Zone lived there in very difficult economic conditions. In the summer of 1940 many of them were deported to the Soviet interior.
These people were displaced people and refugees; the assumption was that they fled the Reich. While some did flee the Reich it appears that the majority were simply evicted.

...What is known is that just prior to Barbarossa the Soviets deported Millions of Poles, estimated 1.8 million Juden into the Soviet interior; these were obviously people not considered to be worthy of being in the Red Army; about half died in horrendous conditions; it is likely that many of these people were those evicted by the Reich during the period of non aggression.

Sanning estimates that the remaining number of juden left in the GG was about 750 000; these were mainly people who could work...

It appears that Korherr got some of his statistical information from SS Sturmbannführer Hermann Höfle on 11 January 1943 on the jüdische situation. As everyone knows this was a Bletchley Park intercept.

Image

It is likely that most of these figures are those evicted into Soviet territory; why they used these letters is unknown, but these places [assumed] all coincide exactly with ZG outposts. These give recorded arrivals until 31 December 42 since the invasion not since the building of the camps which was assumed.
The telegram gave train arrivals in the prior fortnight, as well as cumulative arrivals until 31 December 1942:
Recorded arrivals until 31 December 42, L 12761, B 0, S 515, T 10335 totaling...

These camps were still on the borders of the GG with the exception of Belzec (which is why there are no arrivals; Belzec was still operational until until June, 43); the boundaries of the GG expanded and Belzec was no longer on the border and no longer used as a ZG outpost (hence no arrivals). it appears that people were still evicted from the GG after Barbarossa and had to pay departure tax. The L is not Lublin but most likely the Zoll outpost Lazow or Lupkow close to the border with Slovakia.
Thanks for this very informative post. Please tolerate my corrections of minor details in my two previous replies. :)

Two questions,
1.) what is the source of this information: “what is known is that just prior to Barbarossa the Soviets deported Millions of Poles, estimated 1.8 million Juden into the Soviet interior”?
If it is Solzhenitsyn, can you provide a citation?

2.) what do you mean with this: “These give recorded arrivals until 31 December 42 since the invasion not since the building of the camps which was assumed”?
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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by Huntinger »

been-there wrote:
Thu Oct 01, 2020 11:48 am
Two questions,
1.) what is the source of this information: “what is known is that just prior to Barbarossa the Soviets deported Millions of Poles, estimated 1.8 million Juden into the Soviet interior”?
If it is Solzhenitsyn, can you provide a citation?
Solzhenitsyn was the whistle blower but others came forward later. It seems that AS had higher figures. This was in his book the Gulag Archipelago; Out of those 1.8 million Poles were a million Juden. In Poland, in 1940 and 1941, the Soviets held four major waves of deportation, intended to purge its eastern regions of “undesirable” elements; this is in the period of the non aggression pact. I will search for the AS citation later.
Rabbi Aaron Pechenick described the Soviet mass deportation in his book Zionism and Judaism in Soviet Russia published in New York in 1943 as follows:
In two days and two nights [end of June 1940] almost one million Jews were
loaded into cattle wagons under the most horrible circumstances and deported
to Siberia and the Ural. […] The terrible journey lasted from four to six weeks.
Having arrived at their destinations, the Jews obtained only bread and water to
sustain their lives after the long working days in the forests.

The numbers were high also due to the existing Poles and Juden in the Eastern Sector when the Soviets invaded, but the evictions by the Reich made numbers swell to a huge proportion.
2.) what do you mean with this: “These give recorded arrivals until 31 December 42 since the invasion not since the building of the camps which was assumed”?
In the locations where the AR camps were mentioned in the Höfle telegram, there were distinct customs outposts.
Herr Höfle is giving information as to those who past through the Reinhardt check points; he was SS and not privy to ZG material; however the existing camps and those prior would have been holding pens for the jüdische evictions; it appears that Malkinia camp was liquidated when the Treblinka II camp was finished. The Command Post Wlodawa would have had holding pens which changed when the Sobibor camp was finalized, while the Belzec command would have held people in some Belzec camp. Evicting thousands of people and sequestering their wealth is not like airport customs, but a time consuming process where people are put into one camp section, processed and then sent to the third camp awaiting departure. The hoaxers agree up to this point, where they wish to assume departure means gassing.

To be frank if thousands of people were murdered at these places:
  • There would not be corresponding ZG outposts.
  • Cites in Eastern Poland would not have swelled to the point of bursting
  • The Soviets would feel very little need in deporting over two million people inland.
There were different SS holding facilities for the same customs outposts. To avoid confusion with the data it would be pertinent to use the holding pen data and not the customs outpost data in a statistical report; the SS were involved with the transports and holding people which was their responsibility. Using the letters to designate current camps would not imply that the exact same camps were holding the people a year previously. What is important is the the letters in the Höfle telegram correspond with the numbers going through the customs; however some people also died and were executed so would not have gone through customs. The camps statistics would give a better population transfer data than mere customs evictions.

For instance prior to Sobibor, it would make little point in a statistical memo to mention "Barn 47 Chelmska st, Wlodawa..746" one would simply transfer that data to the current camp at Sobibor which performed the same or similar function.

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Re: Generalgouvernement Zollgrenzschutz

Post by Huntinger »

BT wrote:Thanks for this very informative post. Please tolerate my corrections of minor details in my two previous replies. :)
Thanks; I had the Molotov pact signed after Barbarossa, right date wrong year. :o :shock: :oops: :D :P
Those pictures are good of the bridge. Interestingly there was no bridge over the Bug at Sobibor as far as I can find.
Like the Treblinka scenario it was at the place where the ZG were, in the case above Malkinia and in the case of Sobibor Wlodawa. No bridge there now but one can see the roads leading to an old bridge.

One of the problems I originally had with the ZG deportation hypothesis, which aligns closely with known facts and the Korherr report was Sobibor. There should have been evidence of a bridge crossing the Bug river at that location; but there was nothing in the records or on any map. However, since the ZG were stationed 10km, north of Sobibor at the Command Post Wlodawa (taken over by Cholm on dissolution, Cholm, Pilsudski str. 13th..also known as Chelm; 45 km away from Wlodowa and 35 from Sobibor), a quick look at Google Earth revealed the following. This was a bridge once at Wlodawa.
Image
The bridge has gone but one can clearly see the roads that once joined by a bridge on either side of the Bug.

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