This is false.Except it [Aktion Reinhardt] was named after Reinhard(t) Heydrich
Fritz Reinhardt (Left) Reinhard Heydrich (Right)
Why it matters
Why does it matter whether Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt or Reinhard Heyrdich? The fact that Sergey insists that Aktion Reinhardt refers to Reinhard Heydrich is a clue that it's an important detail. The importance of this detail is illustrated by two completely different descriptions of what Aktion Reinhardt actually was:
The first description of Aktion Reinhardt is found in the General Findings of fact from the Nuremberg Military Tribunals WVHA case (1950). This is the court's finding on what Aktion Reinhardt referred to:
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 75#p567875The purpose of the action [Reinhardt] was to gather into the Reich all the Jewish manpower and wealth which could be reached.
The second description of Aktion Reinhardt comes from the editors of Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_ReinhardOperation Reinhard or Operation Reinhardt ... was the codename of the secretive World War II German plan to exterminate Poland's Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland.
These are two completely different descriptions of the purpose of Aktion Reinhardt. Which is more correct, the NMT General Findings or Wikipedia?
Considering this question, it's more obvious why the naming inspiration for the Aktion matters. The NMT did not find that Aktion Reinhardt denoted an extermination program; instead it found that it denoted a program for processing property from Jews who had been deported, exterimented, or imprisoned. If the NMT is correct, it makes sense why this operation would be named for Fritz Reinhardt and not Reinhard Heydrich.
On the other hand, if the Wikipedia description is correct and Aktion Reinhardt referred to a secret extermination program, then it would make more sense for it to be named after Reinhard Heydrich and no sense at all for it to be named for Fritz Reinhardt.
Since Sergey is highly interested in promoting the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt, it's unacceptable for him to concede that the name refers to Fritz Reinhardt. Conceding that would provide compelling evidence for the NMT's interpretation of AR and not his own. Of course, it's not just "Sergey's theory" that the Aktion was named for Heydrich. Even the NMT findings state that AR was "named approximately enough, for Reinhard Heydrich." But the evidence is clear that Aktion Reinhardt was named for Fritz Reinhardt and not Reinhard Heydrich.
1. The Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, dated November 25, 1941
A document from the book "Topography of Terror" provides evidence for the origin and legal basis for Aktion Reinhardt. This document is the Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, which provided a legal basis for the sequestration of the property of Jews who were deported to the East. Here is the document as presented from the book:
This legal basis for the sequestration of property was applied to deported Jews of German nationality and, later, deported Jews of Polish nationality and eventually deported Jews from German-occupied territory. Note the signature of State Secretary Fritz Reinhardt, who represented the Reich Ministry of Finance.Text 31
Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, dated November 25, 1941
A Jew loses German citizenship
a) assoon as this ordinance becomes effective, if, once this ordinance becomes effective, his regular domicile is abroad,
b) if and when he subsequently moves his regular domicile abroad.
(1) The property of a Jew will accrue to the German Reich once he loses his German citizenship pursuant to this ordinance. [....]
(1) Persons whose property has accrued to the Reich in accordance with & 3 will be unable to inherit anything from a German citizen who has died.
(2) Gifts by German citizens to persons whose property has accrued to the Reich in accordance with & 3 are prohibited. [...]
(1) All persons in possession of a portion of property that has been forfeited, or who still owe a debt to the accumulated property must report the possession of this portion of property or, respectively, the debt they owe to it to the Senior Finance Director in Berlin within six months after the property has been forfeited (& 3) [...]
(1) All subsequent claims [Verfolgungsansprüche] by Jews who, pursuant to & 2 have lost their German citizenship will be null and void at the end of the month in which loss of citizenship becomes effective. [...]
Berlin, November 25, 1941
Reich Minister of the Interior
Head of the Party Chancellory
Reich Ministry of Finance
Acting as deputy
Reinhardt [my emphasis]
Reich Minister of Justice
The authorised representative in charge of affairs
This document proves that Fritz Reinhardt was involved in the sequestration of property from deported Jews from the very beginning. Thus, in light of the NMT's interpretation of Aktion Reinhardt as an initiative to "to gather into the Reich all the Jewish manpower and wealth which could be reached," Fritz Reinhardt's name being attached to this operation makes perfect sense, as Reinhardt was directly involved from the very beginning (November 1941!). Reinhard Heydrich has no relation to this initiative whatsoever.
A succinct explanation by michael mills for the implications of this document as evidence for the origination of Aktion Reinhardt can be found here:
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 61#p596161This document lends support to the theory that the process of sequestration of the property of deported Jews initiated by the Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law was given the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" after State Secretary Fritz Reinhardt of the Reich Ministry of Finance, who was one of the signatories to the ordinance.
It also lends support to the interpretation that the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" formally referred to the process of sequestrating the property of deported Jews, and not to the process of deportation and/or extermination itself.
So Reinhardt's ministry was involved in the process of seizing Jewish property from the outset, well before the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" first appears in documents.
2. Poprzeczny in Globocnik's biography
According to the most current theory, SS and Police Leader Odilo Globocnik was given control over the entire Aktion Reinhardt program. This is almost certainly false, but more pertinent to the topic at hand is what historian Joseph Poprzeczny had to say about the naming origin of Aktion Reinhardt in his biography on Globocnik, Hitler's Man in the East:
He clarifies his position on this in the appendix:In fact, the term "Aktion Reinhardt" was originally the codename for the seizure of Jewish wealth and property. However, this is complicated by the fact that this robbing of the victims was sometimes even referred to as "Eisatz R," with the word Reinhardt stemming not from Reinhard Heydrich's given name but from a Fritz Reinhardt, a senior Reich Finance Ministry official.
3. Reinhard in the German LanguageI accept that the name was taken from Fritz Reinhardt, a Reich Finance Ministry official, not from the SS-Gruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich, as so many contend. Professor Ian Kershaw says of Fritz Reinhardt that he "hinted at the regime's interest in the material outcome of the mass murder of around 1.75 million Jews (mainly from Poland).... Mistakenly, SS-men involved in the 'Action' attributed the name to Reinhard Heydrich."
- Reinhardt can only be a surname in German. It is not a first name as in Reinhardt Heydrich.
- Reinhard Heydrich was named after a character in his father's opera, and the spelling was "Reinhard."
- Reinhard Heydrich's first name was mispelled with a t in SS documentation, and he tried multiple times to have it fixed. Clearly he considered it a mistake rather than the real spelling of his name.
- Although Globocnik's office inconsistently spelled it at times "Reinhard" and others "Reinhardt", when the WVHA took over the operation it was thereafter spelled "Reinhardt" in all but a single instance.
- If AR was named after Heydrich, it would have been called Aktion Heydrich, not Aktion Reinhardt. For instance, Aktion Höss uses the surname in the operational name, not the first name.
4. Aktion Reinhardt at Auschwitz
Auschwitz decodes also prove that Aktion Reinhardt referred to a program for the sequestration of property. Again, michael mills provides evidence that renders the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt as completely useless:
Mills also notes elsewhere that Hoeß testified that "Aktion Reinhardt" was in operation at Auschwitz; the storing of confiscated property at the part of Birkenau nicknamed "Kanada" was part of "Aktion Reinhardt". The decode corroborates Hoeß on his description of Aktion Reinhardt being operational at Auschwitz which, again, makes sense with one interpretation of AR but not the other.According the article by Tyas linked by Earldor, the first documented occurrence of the term "Aktion Reinhardt" (with that spelling) was in a radio message of 22 October from the WVHA (signed Maurer), requesting information from KL Auschwitz about the current repair situation of watches, pens and other goods from “Aktion Reinhardt” being carried out there. The message had been intercepted by the British code-breaking operation at Bletchley Park.
That shows that the code-name was applied to the sequestration of personal property from the Jews imprisoned at KL Auschwitz. The intercepted radio message is quite consistent with other WVHA documents in which the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" refers to the seizure and processing of Jewish property.
These facts make no sense if we understand AR to refer to the extermination program. It makes absolutely perfect sense if we understand AR as the military tribunal described it: as a program for the sequestration of property that originated with ordinances signed by Fritz Reinhardt. The Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt does not fit the evidence.
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 08#p603108
5. NEW EVIDENCE: Zollgrenzschutz at Sobibor
As mentioned in the Sobibor thread, a newly released photograph proves that Zollgrenzschutz (ZGS) was present at Sobibor. ZGS was an organization under the German Finance Ministry (not the SS), and served as Border Patrol and Customs & Immigration service.
This is a newly discovered photograph taken at Sobibor. The elderly man seated, on the far right, is wearing a ZGS uniform.
This is totally at odds with the current narrative that Sobibor was a top-secret "pure extermination camp" operated by the SS, sonderkommando, and Trawniki men. Apparently, this history must be revised to extend the awareness and participation of this top-secret extermination program to include the German Finance Ministry, despite current claims that knowledge of this "pure extermination camp" extended only to a very small number of high-ranking SS. In any case, the presence of ZGS at Sobibor fits horribly with the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt and fits perfectly with the NMT general findings that Aktion Reinhardt referred to the sequestration of property.
Given that Sobibor is understood to be an "Aktion Reinhardt" camp, the presence of Customs & Immigration at Sobibor fits the NMT understanding of Aktion Reinhardt prefectly, and fits the "extermination program" interpretation, well, not at all.
After observing that this new evidence proves ZGS was at Sobibor, and that ZGS was involved in Customs & Immigration, the icing on the cake can be found in the Wikipedia description of Zollgrenzschutz:
Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt, not Reinhard Heydrich.In Nazi Germany it was reformed again in 1937 by Fritz Reinhardt, a State Secretary of the Finance Ministry.