Like many of the countries in Eastern and Central Europe, Hungary had a long tradition of antisemitism, which was present not only in public discourse and political life but also among cultural elites and on the street. Hundreds of antisemitic pogroms, massacres, atrocities, and assaults occurred in Hungary during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Hungarian authorities murdered Jews on several occasions before the German occupation. More than 20,000 Jews were deported to German-occupied Ukraine by Hungarian authorities in the summer of 1941, with full knowledge of the fate that awaited them. In January 1942, nearly 1,000 Jews were murdered by the Hungarian military and gendarmerie in Újvidék (currently Novi Sad, Serbia) and its vicinity. Many Jews were also killed in the labor service by Hungarian army personnel.
The deportees were transported across the border and simply abandoned there. Many were killed by local Ukrainians. Most of the deportees ended up in Kamenets-Podolski, where Ukrainian units massacred them, along with local Jews, on August 27–30. More than 23,000 people were murdered in total in this single action, making the Kamenets-Podolski execution the first mass killing operation of over 10,000 victims in the Holocaust. In the southern region of Hungary annexed after the Axis attack on and dismantlement of Yugoslavia, Hungarian military and gendarmerie units, under the pretext of anti-partisan warfare, massacred more than 3,000 men, women, and children on January 21–23, 1942, in the city of Újvidék (today: Novi Sad, Serbia). The victims were predominantly Serbs, but approximately 700 Jews were also murdered. It seems the Nazis wanted to use them for the war effort to save them from the murderous Hungarian Nazi party (Magyar Nemzeti Szocialista Párt, the scyth cross, the arrow cross, the Hungarian National Socialist Agricultural Labourers' and Workers' Party, the Hungarian National Socialist People’s Party (HNSPP) and teh HNSP..Hungarian National Socialist Party) and Ukrainians. Jewish historians argue that the destruction of the Jewish population of Ukraine, reduced from 870,000 to 17,000, could not have been accomplished without the aid of the local population, because the Germans lacked the manpower to reach all of the communities that were annihilated, especially in the remote villages. (there is an assumption here that the Germans wanted to murder them..not so) The nationalist OUN-Bandera faction of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army "openly advocated violence against Jews", wrote Jeffrey Burds. In August 1941 at its Second Congress in Kraków OUN-B embraced anti-Semitism. "Twenty so-called 'foreign' nationalities were listed as enemies of Ukraine: Jews were first, Poles were second." On September 1, 1941, Ukrainian language newspaper Volhyn wrote: "The element that settled our cities (Jews)... must disappear completely from our cities. The Jewish problem is already in the process of being solved." The Lviv pogroms were two massacres of Jews that took place from 30 June to 2 July and 25–29 July 1941 during Operation Barbarossa. According to Yad Vashem six thousand Jews were killed primarily by rioting Ukrainian nationalists and a newly formed Ukrainian militia. The pretext for the pogrom was a rumor that the Jews were responsible for the execution of prisoners by the Soviets before their withdrawal from Lviv.
Ukrainian nationalists assisted German Security Police and the Einsatzgruppen who were just after Partisans and sadly all Juden were classed as Partisans in that location. In Korosten, the nationalists carried out the killings by themselves, same as inn Sokal. Other locations followed.
During the Ukrainian Revolution, between 1918 and 1921 a total of 1,236 violent incidents against Jews occurred in 524 towns in Ukraine. The estimates of the number of killed range between 30,000 and 60,000. Of the recorded 1,236 pogroms and excesses, 493 were carried out by Ukrainian People's Republic soldiers under command of Symon Petliura, 307 by independent Ukrainian warlords, 213 by Denikin's army, 106 by the Red Army and 32 by the Polish Army.
The NSDAP were aware of these atrocities by the Hungarian Nazi parties, the Ukrainian Militia and placed Hungarian Juden into protective custody.
437 000 Hungarian Juden arrived at Auschwitz under the protective custody of the Reich (NSDAP) the stewardship being the SS-Totenkopfverbände
Following the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, the first two transports left on April 29 and 30. The two groups of 3800 Jews, mostly men, arrived on April 30 and May 2, respectively. During the selection, 486 men (they received tattooed ID numbers 186645 through 187130) and 616 women (with ID numbers 76385 through 76459, and 80000 through 80540) were found fit for work. The rest (2698 persons) were found unfit to work fate unknown. Over the next few weeks, those employed constructed the Birkenau ‘Jewish ramp‘.
Operation Höss started on the afternoon of May 16. On this day the first of the Jewish mass transports from Hungary arrived. The entire camp of Birkenau was immediately sealed off. Within a few hours, another transport of Hungarian Jews came. Approximately 10 thousand people were transported on the very first day And this was only the beginning. The gendarmerie districts of Kassa, Kolozsvár and Marosvásárhely kept sending the Jews of Carpatho-Ruthenia and northern Transylvania. According to Hungarian records, between May 15 and June 7, 288,333 and according to German records, 289,357 Hungarian Jews had been deported to Auschwitz–Birkenau. This was more than all Jewish and non-Jewish inmates sent to Auschwitz between June 14, 1940 and December 31, 1942, i.e., the first 31 months in the existence of the camp, or roughly the same numbers as received in the entire year of 1943. All this was accomplished in just 24 days. For the first time in the history of the camp, the head of the SS photo laboratory received permission to record Operation Höss. This was eventually collected in what became known as the Auschwitz album containing some 200 photographs. So where did the 100 000 members of that camp go to when it was evacuated? Many died of Typhus and starvation due to allied bombing, some perhaps were gassed in the red and white houses but this is unverified. It is most likely that they were sent in transit to other camps where manpower was needed. The camp could only hold 100 000 not 437 000. We say they were not murdered by us, as a deliberate policy of genocide but the topic must be discussed. It is likely many met their end in the 4 Einsatz camps but one thing is for sure, if they were not put into protective custody they would have been murdered by the Hungarians and Ukrainians.
Geheime Sicherheitspolizei Sturmabteilung
Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS
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