Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

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Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by PrudentRegret » Fri Feb 14, 2020 9:11 pm

Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt, who was a state secretary in the German Finance Ministry. Sergey disputes this fact in the Sobibor photos thread, stating:
Except it [Aktion Reinhardt] was named after Reinhard(t) Heydrich
This is false.

Image
Fritz Reinhardt (Left) Reinhard Heydrich (Right)

Why it matters

Why does it matter whether Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt or Reinhard Heyrdich? The fact that Sergey insists that Aktion Reinhardt refers to Reinhard Heydrich is a clue that it's an important detail. The importance of this detail is illustrated by two completely different descriptions of what Aktion Reinhardt actually was:

The first description of Aktion Reinhardt is found in the General Findings of fact from the Nuremberg Military Tribunals WVHA case (1950). This is the court's finding on what Aktion Reinhardt referred to:
The purpose of the action [Reinhardt] was to gather into the Reich all the Jewish manpower and wealth which could be reached.
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 75#p567875

The second description of Aktion Reinhardt comes from the editors of Wikipedia:
Operation Reinhard or Operation Reinhardt ... was the codename of the secretive World War II German plan to exterminate Poland's Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Reinhard

These are two completely different descriptions of the purpose of Aktion Reinhardt. Which is more correct, the NMT General Findings or Wikipedia?

Considering this question, it's more obvious why the naming inspiration for the Aktion matters. The NMT did not find that Aktion Reinhardt denoted an extermination program; instead it found that it denoted a program for processing property from Jews who had been deported, exterimented, or imprisoned. If the NMT is correct, it makes sense why this operation would be named for Fritz Reinhardt and not Reinhard Heydrich.

On the other hand, if the Wikipedia description is correct and Aktion Reinhardt referred to a secret extermination program, then it would make more sense for it to be named after Reinhard Heydrich and no sense at all for it to be named for Fritz Reinhardt.

Since Sergey is highly interested in promoting the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt, it's unacceptable for him to concede that the name refers to Fritz Reinhardt. Conceding that would provide compelling evidence for the NMT's interpretation of AR and not his own. Of course, it's not just "Sergey's theory" that the Aktion was named for Heydrich. Even the NMT findings state that AR was "named approximately enough, for Reinhard Heydrich." But the evidence is clear that Aktion Reinhardt was named for Fritz Reinhardt and not Reinhard Heydrich.

Evidence

1. The Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, dated November 25, 1941

A document from the book "Topography of Terror" provides evidence for the origin and legal basis for Aktion Reinhardt. This document is the Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, which provided a legal basis for the sequestration of the property of Jews who were deported to the East. Here is the document as presented from the book:

Text 31

Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law, dated November 25, 1941

[.....]

& 2

A Jew loses German citizenship

a) assoon as this ordinance becomes effective, if, once this ordinance becomes effective, his regular domicile is abroad,

b) if and when he subsequently moves his regular domicile abroad.

& 3

(1) The property of a Jew will accrue to the German Reich once he loses his German citizenship pursuant to this ordinance. [....]

& 4

(1) Persons whose property has accrued to the Reich in accordance with & 3 will be unable to inherit anything from a German citizen who has died.

(2) Gifts by German citizens to persons whose property has accrued to the Reich in accordance with & 3 are prohibited. [...]

& 7

(1) All persons in possession of a portion of property that has been forfeited, or who still owe a debt to the accumulated property must report the possession of this portion of property or, respectively, the debt they owe to it to the Senior Finance Director in Berlin within six months after the property has been forfeited (& 3) [...]

& 10

(1) All subsequent claims [Verfolgungsansprüche] by Jews who, pursuant to & 2 have lost their German citizenship will be null and void at the end of the month in which loss of citizenship becomes effective. [...]

Berlin, November 25, 1941

Reich Minister of the Interior
Frick

Head of the Party Chancellory
M. Bormann

Reich Ministry of Finance
Acting as deputy
Reinhardt
[my emphasis]

Reich Minister of Justice
The authorised representative in charge of affairs
Dr. Schlegelberger
This legal basis for the sequestration of property was applied to deported Jews of German nationality and, later, deported Jews of Polish nationality and eventually deported Jews from German-occupied territory. Note the signature of State Secretary Fritz Reinhardt, who represented the Reich Ministry of Finance.

This document proves that Fritz Reinhardt was involved in the sequestration of property from deported Jews from the very beginning. Thus, in light of the NMT's interpretation of Aktion Reinhardt as an initiative to "to gather into the Reich all the Jewish manpower and wealth which could be reached," Fritz Reinhardt's name being attached to this operation makes perfect sense, as Reinhardt was directly involved from the very beginning (November 1941!). Reinhard Heydrich has no relation to this initiative whatsoever.

A succinct explanation by michael mills for the implications of this document as evidence for the origination of Aktion Reinhardt can be found here:
This document lends support to the theory that the process of sequestration of the property of deported Jews initiated by the Eleventh Ordinance supplementing the Reich Citizenship Law was given the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" after State Secretary Fritz Reinhardt of the Reich Ministry of Finance, who was one of the signatories to the ordinance.

It also lends support to the interpretation that the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" formally referred to the process of sequestrating the property of deported Jews, and not to the process of deportation and/or extermination itself.

...

So Reinhardt's ministry was involved in the process of seizing Jewish property from the outset, well before the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" first appears in documents.
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 61#p596161

2. Poprzeczny in Globocnik's biography

According to the most current theory, SS and Police Leader Odilo Globocnik was given control over the entire Aktion Reinhardt program. This is almost certainly false, but more pertinent to the topic at hand is what historian Joseph Poprzeczny had to say about the naming origin of Aktion Reinhardt in his biography on Globocnik, Hitler's Man in the East:
In fact, the term "Aktion Reinhardt" was originally the codename for the seizure of Jewish wealth and property. However, this is complicated by the fact that this robbing of the victims was sometimes even referred to as "Eisatz R," with the word Reinhardt stemming not from Reinhard Heydrich's given name but from a Fritz Reinhardt, a senior Reich Finance Ministry official.
He clarifies his position on this in the appendix:
I accept that the name was taken from Fritz Reinhardt, a Reich Finance Ministry official, not from the SS-Gruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich, as so many contend. Professor Ian Kershaw says of Fritz Reinhardt that he "hinted at the regime's interest in the material outcome of the mass murder of around 1.75 million Jews (mainly from Poland).... Mistakenly, SS-men involved in the 'Action' attributed the name to Reinhard Heydrich."
3. Reinhard in the German Language
  • Reinhardt can only be a surname in German. It is not a first name as in Reinhardt Heydrich.
  • Reinhard Heydrich was named after a character in his father's opera, and the spelling was "Reinhard."
  • Reinhard Heydrich's first name was mispelled with a t in SS documentation, and he tried multiple times to have it fixed. Clearly he considered it a mistake rather than the real spelling of his name.
  • Although Globocnik's office inconsistently spelled it at times "Reinhard" and others "Reinhardt", when the WVHA took over the operation it was thereafter spelled "Reinhardt" in all but a single instance.
  • If AR was named after Heydrich, it would have been called Aktion Heydrich, not Aktion Reinhardt. For instance, Aktion Höss uses the surname in the operational name, not the first name.
Are we to believe that Aktion Reinhardt was named after a mispelling of the first name of Heydrich, or after the true spelling of the surname of Fritz Reinhardt? Obviously the latter.

4. Aktion Reinhardt at Auschwitz

Auschwitz decodes also prove that Aktion Reinhardt referred to a program for the sequestration of property. Again, michael mills provides evidence that renders the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt as completely useless:
According the article by Tyas linked by Earldor, the first documented occurrence of the term "Aktion Reinhardt" (with that spelling) was in a radio message of 22 October from the WVHA (signed Maurer), requesting information from KL Auschwitz about the current repair situation of watches, pens and other goods from “Aktion Reinhardt” being carried out there. The message had been intercepted by the British code-breaking operation at Bletchley Park.

That shows that the code-name was applied to the sequestration of personal property from the Jews imprisoned at KL Auschwitz. The intercepted radio message is quite consistent with other WVHA documents in which the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" refers to the seizure and processing of Jewish property.
Mills also notes elsewhere that Hoeß testified that "Aktion Reinhardt" was in operation at Auschwitz; the storing of confiscated property at the part of Birkenau nicknamed "Kanada" was part of "Aktion Reinhardt". The decode corroborates Hoeß on his description of Aktion Reinhardt being operational at Auschwitz which, again, makes sense with one interpretation of AR but not the other.

These facts make no sense if we understand AR to refer to the extermination program. It makes absolutely perfect sense if we understand AR as the military tribunal described it: as a program for the sequestration of property that originated with ordinances signed by Fritz Reinhardt. The Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt does not fit the evidence.

https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic ... 08#p603108

5. NEW EVIDENCE: Zollgrenzschutz at Sobibor

As mentioned in the Sobibor thread, a newly released photograph proves that Zollgrenzschutz (ZGS) was present at Sobibor. ZGS was an organization under the German Finance Ministry (not the SS), and served as Border Patrol and Customs & Immigration service.

Image

This is a newly discovered photograph taken at Sobibor. The elderly man seated, on the far right, is wearing a ZGS uniform.

This is totally at odds with the current narrative that Sobibor was a top-secret "pure extermination camp" operated by the SS, sonderkommando, and Trawniki men. Apparently, this history must be revised to extend the awareness and participation of this top-secret extermination program to include the German Finance Ministry, despite current claims that knowledge of this "pure extermination camp" extended only to a very small number of high-ranking SS. In any case, the presence of ZGS at Sobibor fits horribly with the Wikipedia description of Aktion Reinhardt and fits perfectly with the NMT general findings that Aktion Reinhardt referred to the sequestration of property.

Given that Sobibor is understood to be an "Aktion Reinhardt" camp, the presence of Customs & Immigration at Sobibor fits the NMT understanding of Aktion Reinhardt prefectly, and fits the "extermination program" interpretation, well, not at all.

After observing that this new evidence proves ZGS was at Sobibor, and that ZGS was involved in Customs & Immigration, the icing on the cake can be found in the Wikipedia description of Zollgrenzschutz:
In Nazi Germany it was reformed again in 1937 by Fritz Reinhardt, a State Secretary of the Finance Ministry.
Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt, not Reinhard Heydrich.

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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by PrudentRegret » Fri Feb 14, 2020 9:12 pm

Cross-posted from this thread I started on the Skeptics Forums: https://www.skepticforum.com/viewtopic. ... 06#p751606

Responses so far completely refuse to engage with the evidence I've presented, which is a testament to the weight of the evidence.

They can't muster a rational response.


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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Huntinger » Fri Feb 14, 2020 10:15 pm

Jeffk1970 wrote:
Fri Feb 14, 2020 9:37 pm
How entertaining.
It is clear that Prudent Regret is not doing this for entertainment Jude. I had a look earlier and noticed that someone could not help themselves at your tent, to ask "Where did they go", Oozy information indeed; no wonder the simple minded who troll these hallowed halls repeat with regular monotony.
It has been suggested to other Jude, that unless there is something appropriate to say which can enhance the conversation then it it best to say (or type) nothing. You have nothing to add which is often common among shekelmeisters; best not to follow in their slime space.
  • Fritz Reinhardt reformed the zollgrenzschutz in 1937; initiatives are names after the Surnames not Christian names, which rule Reinhard Heydrich out. This are AR insitutions run by the Ministry of Economics and not the SS, if Heydrich was involved they would be AH institutions.
  • It is clear that the proximity to the borders of all AR institutions suggest their true function which is border related.
  • The presence of an zollgrenzschutz officer whose work is customs relates to border control.
  • The stripes on the pill boxes and flag poles are also border related; still in use today, otherwise used on Barber shop signs.
  • The proximity to the Reichskommissariate Ukraine where 1.7 million Poles were evicted by the Red Army means much land and houses were available.
  • The existence of emigration laws which allow those who leave the GG having to pay levies were in existence
  • People were forced across the Bug and San rivers while the Soviets occupied that part of Poland
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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Huntinger » Fri Feb 14, 2020 11:46 pm

Jude wrote:Your first sentence is correct and well known. It was the nasty legal trick imagined by the Nazi administration, every Jews leaving the Reich would lose their property, without defining the concept of "leaving the Reich". But how could this decision concerns Polish Jews in Poland is what you need to explain, if you can. Since Polish Jews had never been Reich's citizens, they were not the object of this Ordinance...Nor were the Jews from the Netherlands, or any other parts of Europe.
Reich Flight Tax
During the Third Reich, the use of the Reich Flight Tax shifted away from dissuading wealthy citizens from moving overseas and was instead regarded by some, used as a form of "legalized theft" to confiscate J assets. The departure of J citizens was desired and permitted by the NS government – even after the Invasion of Poland – until a decree from Heinrich Himmler forbade Jewish emigration on 23 October 1941. From 1941 on, all remaining capital was confiscated either retroactively or upon deportation.

Reichsvereinigung’s plea for cash donations from deportees. All deportees were supposed to hand over 25% of their remaining cash to the Reichsvereinigung, ostensibly to pay for their sustenance during the journey.

A Reichskommissariat refer to the quasi-colonial administrative territorial entity established by NS Germany in several occupied countries during World War II. While officially located outside the German Reich in a legal sense, these entities were directly controlled by their supreme civil authorities (the Reichskommissars), who ruled their assigned territories as German governors on behalf of and as direct representatives of Adolf Hitler. The General Government was the Reich, while legally the Reichkommissariat was not and so people leaving the Reich are required to pay flight tax and other levies.

The Reichskommissariat Ukraine paid Occupation taxes and funds to the German Reich until February 1944 in the amount of 1.246 billion Reichsmark (equivalent to 4 billion 2009 €) and 107.9 million Soviet rubles, in accord with information composed by Lutz von Krosigk, the Reich Minister of Finances.
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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Nessie » Sat Feb 15, 2020 6:08 am

What happened at the AR camps, also happened at every other camp. The AR camps were not the only camps where on arrival, property was removed.

Jews were taken to labour or the AR camps, having been allowed to pack once case of luggage, which on arrival was stolen from them, sorted and that stolen property was sent back for war use, with the thieving Nazis keeping all the valuables. The Jewish prisoners were left only with the prison uniform and a few kept minor small items, such as children may have kept a toy.

There are plenty of documents about the seizing, sorting and sending back of property and they do not reference AR. It is only in relation to a specific action, involving the transporting of Jews to certain very specific camps, that AR is referenced. AR is specific to certain Nazi commanders, including Heydrich and camps. The seizing and stealing of property was universal to all camps.
Consistency and standards in evidencing viewtopic.php?f=13&t=2721#p87772
My actual argument viewtopic.php?f=13&t=2834

Scott - On a side note, this forum is turning into a joke with the vicious attacks--and completely unnecessary vitriol--that everybody is making upon each other.

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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by PrudentRegret » Sat Feb 15, 2020 10:50 am

Nessie wrote:
Sat Feb 15, 2020 6:08 am
It is only in relation to a specific action, involving the transporting of Jews to certain very specific camps, that AR is referenced. AR is specific to certain Nazi commanders, including Heydrich and camps. The seizing and stealing of property was universal to all camps.
Nessie, why would you write this when I have disproven it in my 4th point?
According the article by Tyas linked by Earldor, the first documented occurrence of the term "Aktion Reinhardt" (with that spelling) was in a radio message of 22 October from the WVHA (signed Maurer), requesting information from KL Auschwitz about the current repair situation of watches, pens and other goods from “Aktion Reinhardt” being carried out there. The message had been intercepted by the British code-breaking operation at Bletchley Park.

That shows that the code-name was applied to the sequestration of personal property from the Jews imprisoned at KL Auschwitz. The intercepted radio message is quite consistent with other WVHA documents in which the code-name "Aktion Reinhardt" refers to the seizure and processing of Jewish property.
This proves your statement ”It is only in relation to a specific action, involving the transporting of Jews to certain very specific camps, that AR is referenced” to be wrong. It proves the operation of Aktion Reinhardt outside the so-called “Aktion Reinhardt” camps.

You second statement, “AR is specific to certain Nazi commanders, including Heydrich and camps“ is completely wrong.

Heydrich had no role in the planning or implementation of Aktion Reinhardt. Fritz Reinhardt did.

I ask you provide evidence for your claim that “AR is specific to certain Nazi commanders, including Heydrich.” I have no idea what you’re referencing.

While you’re at it, can you please clarify exactly what you think “Aktion Reinhardt” was a code-name for. When you clarify this, we can examine how your definition fits the evidence, and if it fits the evidence better than my/the NMT’s definition of the operation.

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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Nessie » Sat Feb 15, 2020 4:22 pm

All I need to do, is point out that there were plenty of orders and plans regarding the seizure and distribution of property that make no reference to AR, which means AR therefore, is not the over all operational name for such seizures and distribution.

There are plenty of Nazi senior officials and many camp commanders, who were part of the seizure of property, but were never associated with AR, as in they were never referenced in a document or were at an AR camp. Jews sent to Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, Stutthof and Theresienstadt had their property seized, but that has no association with AR whatsoever.

If you want to know who was associated with AR, look at any document referencing AR. That is how we know Globocnik, Hofle, Wirth etc were a part of the operation.

That property seized as part of AR then ended up at Auschwitz, is hardly surprising, since the AR camps were small and sent property seized onwards to be fully sorted.

AR was the code word for the operation to murder Jews not required for work. Specific death camps were built to facilitate that. Since Jews sent to those camps were allowed to take some property with them, seizing that property was obviously part of the operation.

Please note - when I say seizing, I really mean theft. The Nazis were possibly the biggest thieves in history.
Consistency and standards in evidencing viewtopic.php?f=13&t=2721#p87772
My actual argument viewtopic.php?f=13&t=2834

Scott - On a side note, this forum is turning into a joke with the vicious attacks--and completely unnecessary vitriol--that everybody is making upon each other.

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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Huntinger » Wed Feb 19, 2020 7:33 pm

Fritz Reinhardt
source
Fritz Reinhardt could count on the support of the Nazi Party and Hitler, which was why he occupied such an influential position from the beginning. Reinhardt made the decisions regarding taxation. Under it were the Customs Tax and School - created by him in 1935 - and the Zollgrenzschutz ("Customs Service"). It was one of the components of programs designed to reduce unemployment, which collectively were also known as the Reinhardt Program. It is carried out by some, especially German, historians that Reinhardt also gave his name to Operation Reinhard .

Section 1 (§1) of the Tax Reconciliation Act ( Steueranpassungsgesetz ) of October 1934 Reinhardt's traits. This law implemented the National Socialist Weltanschauung or world view.

Steueranpassungsgesetz The Tax Adjustment Act (StAnpG) of October 16, 1934 was largely passed on the initiative of Fritz Reinhardt. In summer 1933 Hitler began instituting his Reinhardt Plan. This was a public works plan that the Nazis were putting 1 billion Reichsmarks for projects such as building roads, canals, public buildings, and bridges, as well as “pump priming” grants to private construction firms to renovate old buildings and create new housing.
The presence of the Zollgrenzschutz wearing uniform shows they had a distinct presence at Sobibor. ZGS were entitled to wear plain clothes while on duty. Customs posts have people going both ways, a bit like check point Charlie during the cold war.
Image
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Re: Aktion Reinhardt was named after Fritz Reinhardt- not Reinhard Heydrich

Post by Huntinger » Thu Feb 20, 2020 10:54 pm

At Klowns
Immoral wrote:Well, as long as you cannot provide any evidence that the Reichs finance ministry had any authority in occupied Poland, and even more over Polish Jews, this argument is just non sense
zollgrenzschutz.de
1941
Gründung der Zollschule Lochau in Bregenz im Januar.

Nach der Besetzung Jugoslawiens und dessen Aufteilung kam es zu Stationierungen in Serbien ab Juli 1941.

Im Spätsommer werden Dienststellen von der Ostgrenze des Generalgouvernements in die Ukraine verlegt, der ursprünglich in Ostgalizien aufgebaute ZGS geht im Generalgouvernement auf.
The Lochau customs school was founded in Bregenz in January.

After the occupation of Yugoslavia and its division, it was stationed in Serbia from July 1941.

In late summer, offices are moved from the eastern border of the General Government to Ukraine, the ZGS, which was originally built in Eastern Galicia, merges with the General Government.
I think that this implies and establishes full authority in the region.
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