Dr. Gerhard Peters 1930s fumigation articles

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Dr. Gerhard Peters 1930s fumigation articles

Post by Scott »

Dr. Gerhard Friedrich Peters was the director of DEGESCH.

In the 1930s, Dr. Peters published several articles on fumigation in the German periodical:

Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde

( Journal of Pest Science )
pISSN: 1612-4758 ; eISSN: 1612-4766

"Ein neues Verfahren zur Vakuumentwesung mit giftigen Gasen."
(A new method for vacuum-disinfestation with toxic gases.)
stable URL:
Peters, G. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde (1936) 12:7, p82. doi:10.1007/BF02340475

download PDF -
Peters (1936)

"Durchgasung von Eisenbahnwagen mit Blausäure."
(Fumigation of railway carriages with hydrogen cyanide.)
stable URL:
Peters, G. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde (1937) 13:3, p35. doi:10.1007/BF02338915

download PDF -
Peters (1937)

"Die biologisch-chemische Eignungsprüfung gasförmig wirkender lnsektizide."
(The biological-chemical evaluation of gaseous-acting insecticide.)
stable URL:
Peters, G. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde (1938) 14:5, p116. doi:10.1007/BF02345984

download PDF -
Peters (1938)

Some background on Dr. Peters and DEGESCH ...
Wikipedia wrote:
DEGESCH -- The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung mbH (German Corporation for Pest control), is a German chemical company. Degesch produces pesticides used against weeds and insects. Degesch had the patent for the infamous Zyklon B pesticide. [...]

In World War II, Degesch (42.5 per cent owned by IG Farben) was the trademark holder of Zyklon B, the poison gas used at some Nazi extermination camps. IG Farben also developed processes for synthesizing gasoline and rubber from coal, and thereby contributed much to Germany's ability to wage a war despite having been cut off from all major oil fields. [...]

Tesch & Stabenow [TeSta] was founded in 1924 in Hamburg. In 1925 the firm became the only distributor of Zyklon B on behalf of Degesch east of the Elbe. In 1927 Stabenow left the firm; Dr. Bruno Tesch became 45% owner, Degesch had 55% of the shares; in June 1942 Tesch became the sole owner. TESTA distributed a growing amount of the gas to the German army. In 1941 Tesch instructed the SS in Sachsenhausen in the use of the pest control gas. [...]

On 3 September 1945, the British arrested Dr. Bruno Tesch, director Karl Weinbacher and employee Joachim Drosihn. They were brought before a military tribunal and charged with distributing the gas to concentration camps with the intent to kill humans. An employee even stated that Bruno Tesch himself suggested the idea to the SS.

Tesch and Weinbacher were convicted in the Curiohaus trial, and executed on 16 May 1946 in Hamelin prison. Drosihn was acquitted. [...]

During the IG Farben trial the director of Degesch, Dr. Gerhard Friedrich Peters, implicated himself. [...] In 1949 Peters was charged with murder in the court of Frankfurt and convicted and sentenced to five years imprisonment. The conviction was in 1952 legally confirmed in an appeal and set to six years. Peters went to prison but was acquitted in a new appeal in 1953. The law had changed; he was no longer considered guilty to assisting in murder.




Also see:
William B. Lindsey,
"Zyklon B, Auschwitz, and Bruno Tesch"

JHR 4:3 (Fall 1983), pp. 261-303.