Additionally, it is becoming clearer that the term "Reinhardt Fund" was used to describe an economic initiative, rather than simply an account into which the proceeds of Aktion Reinhardt had been deposited into as has previously been assumed. Notably, these funds were dispensed by the Reich Ministry of Finance where Fritz Reinhardt was State Secretary.
This would make "Reinhardt Fund" an additional distinct economic initiative that was named after Fritz Reinhardt, like the Reinhardt Taxes and Reinhardt Program(s) and Reinhardt Interest Bonuses.
The WVHA/Reichsbank would not have recycled the code-name of a top-secret genocide to describe business loans. They would
use the name "Reinhardt" to describe an economic initiative designed to provide liquidity to German industry, because they named very similar economic initiatives after Fritz Reinhardt.
Sergey has taken the absurd position that the "Reinhardt Fund" was named after Heydrich. Of course, every witness in the trial who testifies to his understanding of the naming origin of the "Reinhardt Fund" identifies Fritz Reinhardt as the man who dispensed the fund.
This lends credence to the conclusion that Aktion Reinhardt was an economic initiative that used Reinhardt's name, just like the Reinhardt Fund was a sister-economic initiative that was also named after Reinhardt.
- The conclusion that "Aktion Reinhardt" was the official code-name of a genocide named after Heydrich but the "Reinhardt Fund" was an economic initiative named after Fritz Reinhardt is preposterous.
- The conclusion that "Aktion Reinhardt" was the official code-name a genocide named after Fritz Reinhardt is also preposterous.
- The conclusion that the "Reinhardt Fund" which was made available by Reinhardt's Ministry of Finance was named after Heydrich is most preposterous of all.
The inevitable conclusion is that both
Aktion Reinhardt and the Reinhardt Fund were economic initiatives named after Fritz Reinhardt, as corroborated by the witnesses in this trial and as ultimately concluded by the court in their findings of fact.
http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/transc ... hardt+Fund
Q. Were the funds coming from the Reinhardt Fund?
A. I don't know. I did not know it at the time, and that is why I asked.
Q. What did you mean when you said you wrote out the contract for the Reinhardt loan?
A. In the notice which was left behind, it said there was a contract between DWB and the Reich to be fixed, and the heading said "Reinhardt Fund". I thereupon reflected what this could be about, and I came across the name of State Secretary Reinhardt, whom I knew very well. He was my superior in the Reich Ministry of Finance.
http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/transc ... inistry%22
Q. What did you think the Reinhardt Fund was?
A. The Reinhardt Fund I understood or thought to understand that the state secretary Reinhardt from the Reich Finance Ministry, who was an exponent of the Part and who was a friend of Schwerin von Krusiqk, who was Reich Finance Minister, had placed those funds at the disposal of the DWB. Reinhardt was also known to me from his work and his activity during peacetime for the very simple reason that he introduced in Germany communal administration in the big Reinhardt Reform which was the real taxation reform. He also established the Reinhardt Interest Bonuses. He compiled and wrote several books about taxation laws. Apart from that, all new taxes and finance reforms were actually taken care of by Reinhardt according to both the press and the propaganda. Furthermore, Reinhardt was written with "dt" at the end in this letter and as far as I know today Reinhard is spelled with a "d" at the end rather than a "dt". Apart from that, Herr Pohl once called me to his office, in Frank's presence, and told me that the Reich Finance Ministry wanted to give a credit to the DWB, if this would be possible.
All I could understand from this was that this was actually a fund which was placed at the disposal of the DWB by the second highest official in the Reich Finance Ministry.
BY JUDGE MUSMANNO:
Q. May I ask a question, please?
Is it customary for the name of the Minister to be attached to a purely governmental function?
A. I'm afraid the translation didn't quite get through, Your Honor.
Q. I'll put the question very specifically. The Reinhardt of whom you speak was Assistant Minister of the Treasury? Is that what I understand? Ministry of Finance, yes?
A. Yes, that's right. Graf Schwerin von Krossigk was the Minister. The State Secretary was Reinhardt. Schwerin von Krossigk was the professional man and was Reich Minister even prior to 1933, and state secretary Reinhardt was SA Obergruppenfuehrer.
Q. Anything coming out of the Ministry of Finance wouldn't bear the name of the Minister as such, would it, being a purely governmental operation?
A. Yes, but as I have stated before, the real taxation reform was also called the Reinhardt real tax reform. I have to understand from that if this fund is called "the Reinhardt Fund" that the Reich Finance Ministry placed certain monies at the disposal of the DWB.
Q. I can understand how, in the newspapers, the name could be attached to the operation, but, within the government itself, if it is a governmental action, I cannot understand why the name Reinhardt would be used.
A. Yes, Mr. Federal Judge, such names in particular were chosen. You see, series of actions received the names of leading personalities. The reason why this was done was that the Fuehrer principle was to be shown more clearly by doing that.
In Germany, even in governmental circles, one never spoke of a cabinet or a government, one always spoke of the man.
BY DR. GAWLIK:
Q. Witness, perhaps you can answer the following question.
Would you please explain to the Tribunal, witness, the personality of the Finance Minister Schwerin Krossigk and the personality of Reinhardt. Tell us which of the two was the most important person and why it was not at all difficult to understand that fund wasn't called according to the name Schwerin von Krossigk but rather according to the State Secretary? what part did von Krossigk play in social life and what was the role of Mr. Reinhardt in public life?
A. Mr. Defense Counsel, if I, as a rather young person, have to give you a judgment or my opinion on these two personalities I have to say that von Krossigk was the most important one of the two because he was a sensible, professionally very skilled man who, step by step, actually worked his way up to the position of Minister. Even in the democratic regime, Herr Reinhardt, up to 1933, was nothing but a simple teacher in a business school. It was only through the help of the Party that he became a SA-Gruppenfuehrer and SA Obergruppenfuehrer. It was he then who was placed a bit higher as an exponent of the Party, and all these things which von Krossigk had done to the German Reich while working hard, the financing, etc, all this, during the war, was said to have been done by Reinhardt. You could read in the paper: "Herr Reinhardt, and Reinhardt again." Reinhardt held speeches at every conference. The people in the Finance Ministry knew that the real man behind it all was von Krossigk. Others knew that, but we all knew that Reinhardt would be the one credited with everything. That was the reason that I didn't have a single doubt that Reinhardt was the man who had given the fund.
IMT Finding of Facts:
The purpose of the action [Reinhardt] was to gather into the Reich all the Jewish manpower and wealth which could be reached.
"Aktion Reinhardt" was an economic initiative to sequester Jewish property, like the "Reinhardt Fund" was an economic initiative to provide liquidity to German businesses. Both were named after Fritz Reinhardt.
These conclusions are consistent with the presence of ZGS at Sobibor, and the mass manufacturing of cheap clothing at Lublin which was issued to deportees:
http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/transc ... 321&q=farm
Q. Well now, if you issued this order by virtue of the authority which you have mentioned for all of this mass of goods, all kinds of personal property, and you didn't know anything about the origin of this property, why didn't you find out something about it? You were a high ranking officer there in charge of one of the branches of the WVHA. Why didn't you find out what you issued an order about?
A. Well, I did know where the things came from; it was right in the accompanying letter exactly that they came from the Jews who had been resettled in Lublin, and that those Jews were there, well, that was no secret at all. In July, 1943, for instance, it can be seen that Globocnik -
Q. I am now talking about September '42, not 1943.
A. Even at that time there must have been large numbers of human beings there because how do you think that Globocnik would be able to operate his workshops, his enterprises?
Q. Well, he didn't have much left for his people to use while they were there if he was using these people, because everything had been taken away from them.
A. Certainly, your Honor -- I said that everything was taken away from them; that fact that personal property was taken away from the Jews who were working there and assigned to labor there, was a thing I had misgivings about.
Q. And you thought that this was the property taken away from the people who were working there in this camp?
A. Of course. At that time it became known to us from various orders that Jews, together with their families, were resettled in the east, and I find a confirmation of those facts in one of the documents, in which it says the Jews together with their wives and children were to be transferred to various places around there on farms; and it was known to the WVHA that in the east hundreds of border farms had been established for that purpose, and which were used as such, which were operated by Jewish laborers until the end of the war.
Q. How did you think that these people were laborers -- when, under "E" in your order you say women's clothing and women's underwear, including footwear; children's clothing, and children's underwear, including footwear, have to be handed over?
A. Yes, I believe that would come from camps, and it must have come from camps because Globocnik himself reports that he had fifty-five thousand pairs of shoes manufactured and over one million and a half of clothes; in other words those things had to be manufactured; they must have been manufactured; and they were manufactured for those resettled persons.
Q. I am not talking about manufacturers; I am talking about turning over goods that they already have and what you have to do with it in the future.
A. In that accompanying letter it was stated expressly that it was property of the persons who were in the camps which was to be taken away from them due to lack of space; then, there was stocks of goods, so I could not possibly assume that the people had been killed before those things were taken away from them. It is quite clear, that if today -- it would not be different here in Germany either -people are sent to a camp and they take along two, three, four, or five suitcases, they cannot possibly carry those things around with them, and that only a certain amount can be used; a second suit or some underwear for changing.
Q. Well, if that was what you thought, why did you preface your order with this statement: Property which will in all orders in the future be called goods originating from thefts, receiving stolen goods, and hoarded goods. If that was true then, you ordered in all orders in the future about these goods to be false, were you not?
A. Yes, that was in the order of the Reichsfuehrer, and I have stated before that those things mostly originated from camps, and among Court No. II, Case No. 4.those there were also certain camps which had been confiscated by the agent of Globocnik, the Gestapo as blackmarket goods and that is where that particular term originates.
I do not deny that the fact that these people had to give up all those additional things, that is, for instance, the skirt or their underwear which they could do without easily, that those things were taken away from them, and that this was a violation of the principles of property; I do not deny that.
BY JUDGE MUSMANNO:
Q. If you say that you reconciled yourself to these articles in the assumption that they could work without this underclothing; that they could do without watches; that they could do without fountain pens -- how do you reconcile yourself to the fact that these people had to work without their eye-glasses and eat without their teeth?
A. Your Honor, excuse me but you are saying eye glasses and underwear at the same time -- that the glasses had come from those people who had died, that was clear to me. I did not see if there were five hundred glasses or five thousand, but the thing was clear to me, namely, that underwear was taken away from people who had too much of that stuff, and which went over -- far over the normal requirements of the person. For instance the same thing would be true today if a person is sent to a camp, he receives a second suit, and whatever is over that suit, apart from the one you are wearing, those will be put away.
Q. I don't know of anyone going to a prison or a concentration camp or any place of internment that he travels with extra gold teeth and that therefore you must take away from him the superfluous gold, and your decree actually refers to gold.
A. Yes, your Honor. All these gold teeth also had to originate from people who had died. I used tooth gold in my order, and at the time I understood not the gold teeth, not that these teeth had been torn away from dead people. It was known to me that in the concentration camps examplarily equipped dental stations existed, and that at those particular dental stations people could possible have their teeth fixed, and that a certain amount of gold was left behind when bridges were altered, and that people broke away gold teeth from dead persons is something which I would not have done myself, but I certainly did not consider it a crime in that, it is a matter of taste.
Q. It did not occur to you that might be a desecration, did it?
A. I believe that in civilian life also it occurred that before the dead was burned, and upon the wish of his relatives they had removed his teeth, and gold teeth. That is something that has to do with taste. Now that teeth are torn away from a dead man appears to me as horrible as it appears to Your Honors. I never did see any such gold teeth in my life.
THE PRESIDENT: Recess.
THE MARSHAL: The Tribunal is in recess for fifteen minutes.
(A recess was taken)
THE MARSHAL: The Tribunal is again in session.
DR. RAUSCHENBACH: Your Honor, may I point out a difficulty which has arisen in the translation before the recess. The witness had described in detail where these objects were coming from, and he also stated they came from the concentration camps and they came from storage camps. In both cases, this has been translated as "camps", so that the impression that has arisen is as if everything had come from camps where human beings were located. Here in most cases we are dealing with stocks.
THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal was not misled. The witness stated plainly that he considered that some of the personal property received came from stocks of goods, and he mentioned the large warehouses underground in the ghettos and the black market. We understood that he believed that part of the goods came from that source.